dimanche 7 mars 2010

Réfome Volcker (1)

Post suivant 


Alors, tout d'abord, je résume pour les nouveaux arrivants.

Paul Volcker, ancien directeur de la FED du temps où la finance était tenue et pas encore corrompu jusqu'à la moelle, a été appelé à la rescousse pour proposer des lois de régulation du système, quelque chose qui ressemble plus ou mois au Glass Steagle Act aboli sous Clinton.

Naturellement, vous imaginez bien que tous les lobbies de la mafia bancaire US sont à l'oeuvre pour corrompre le Sénat et la Chambre des Représentants afin d'empêcher la loi de passer.


The Volcker Revolution - Providing Some Much Needed Answers
ZeroHedge, 23/01/2010 (traduire en Français texte en anglais )
http://www.zerohedge.com/article/volcker-revolution-providing-some-much-needed-answers
Je ne cite rien, c'est vraiment à lire en entier.

Avec une photo et une biographie du bonhomme :


Obama a l'air d'un nain à côté    Vivement une photo de lui à côté de Sarkozy   

bio rapide en français : http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Volcker
plus complet en anglais : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Volcker

Et donc voila les derniers amendements apportés à la réforme :


Volcker Rule Amendments To Bank Holding Company Act
ZeroHedge, 03/03/2010 (traduire en Français texte en anglais )
http://www.zerohedge.com/article/volcker-rule-amendments-bank-holding-company-act
  PROHIBITION ON PROPRIETARY TRADING. (Interdiction du trading pour compte propre)

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the appropriate Federal banking agencies shall jointly prohibit proprietary trading by an insured depository institution or by a company that controls an insured depository institution or is treated as a bank holding company for purposes of this Act.

  EXCEPTION FOR UNITED STATES AND OTHER GOVERNMENT AND RELATED OBLIGATIONS.

Any prohibition imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not apply to trading in obligations of the United States or any agency thereof, obligations, participations, or other instruments of or issued by the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and obligations of any State or of any political subdivision thereof.

  PROHIBITION ON SPONSORING AND INVESTING IN HEDGE FUNDS AND PRIVATE EQUITY FUNDS. (Interdiction de posséder ou de prêter à des Hedge Funds)

The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall jointly prohibit sponsoring and investing in hedge funds and private equity funds by an insured depository institution or by a company that controls an insured depository institution or is treated as a bank holding company for purposes of the Bank Holding Company Act.

  EXCEPTION FOR INVESTMENTS IN SMALL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANIES AND INVESTMENTS DESIGNED PRIMARILY TO PROMOTE THE PUBLIC WELFARE.

Any prohibition imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not apply to investments in small business investment companies and investments designed primarily to promote the public welfare as provided in

  LIMITATIONS ON RELATIONSHIP WITH HEDGE FUNDS AND PRIVATE EQUITY FUNDS.

No insured depository institution and no company that controls an insured depository institution or that is treated as a bank holding company for purposes of this Act that serves, directly or indirectly, as the investment manager or investment adviser to a company described in subsection may enter into a covered transaction as defined in section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act with, or provide custody, securities lending and other prime brokerage services to, such company.

  RULEMAKING AUTHORITY.

The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall jointly issue regulations and guidance to carry out this section including appropriate additional capital requirements giving full effect to the prudential intent of the Congress regarding this section.

  EFFECTIVE DATE AND TRANSITION. (6 mois pour mettre en pratique la loi, une fois votée)


The provisions of this section shall take effect after the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of enactment of this title.

  TRANSITION.

Any insured depository institution, any company which owns or controls an insured depository institution and any company which is treated as a bank holding company for purposes of the Bank Holding Company Act, shall not, after two years from the effective date of this Act, retain any investment prohibited by this section. The appropriate Federal banking agency is authorized, upon application of any such company, to extend the two-year period as to such company for not more than one year at a time, if in its judgment, such an extension would not be detrimental to the public interest, but no such extension shall in the aggregate exceed three years.

  CAPITAL AND QUANTITATIVE LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN NONBANK FINANCIAL COMPANIES. (Obligations de fonds propres pour les assurances)

The Board shall adopt rules imposing additional capital requirements and specifying additional quantitative limits for nonbank financial companies under its supervision that engage in proprietary trading and sponsoring and investing in hedge funds and private equity funds.

  CONCENTRATION LIMIT ON LARGE FINANCIAL FIRMS. (Tentative de limiter le Too Big to Fail)


A financial company may not merge or consolidate with, acquire all or substantially all of the assets of, or otherwise acquire control of, another company if the acquiring financial companys total consolidated liabilities upon consummation of the transaction would exceed 10 percent of the aggregate consolidated liabilities of all financial companies at the end of the prior calendar.

  RULEMAKING AND GUIDANCE.

The Board shall issue regulations implementing this section, including the definition of terms as necessary. The Board may issue interpretations or guidance regarding the application of this section to an individual company or in general.


Si vous devez mettre vos espoirs dans quelque chose, clairement, c'est dans cette réforme là...

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