dimanche 7 mars 2010

Les effrayants nouveaux riches

Tiens donc, il y aurait comme un engrenage cassé dans la mondialisation heureuse...   

Le titre de ce post n'est que la traduction du titre de cet article de Newsweek :

The Scary New Rich
Newsweek, Rana Foroohar et Mac Margolis, 06/03/2010 (traduire en Français texte en anglais )
The middle classes have always been the bulwark of society. Aristotle believed they were democracy's secret weapon—the protectors of social values, the moderators of political extremism, ramparts of reason over fiat, and believers in a society run by laws instead of by strongmen.

With time and wealth, "they" would become just like "us."

What, then, to make of recent news events like the Brazilian middle class applauding more state control of the oil industry to keep out greedy foreign firms, or the continuing popularity of Russian autocrat Vladimir Putin among the Russian middle class, now 78 percent of the total population? Then there's the middle-class support for the rise of conservative Islam in Indonesia, which has pushed through a new anti-pornography law and may soon create halal cities, where all food must be served according to strict Islamic rules. These new spins on middle-class values mix, in many places, with distinctly anti-Western forms of nationalism. The increasing patriotism of affluent young Chinese has created an industry for popular books like "The China Dream." which urges China to launch a military buildup in preparation for a coming conflict with the U.S.

The truth is that "they" are not becoming just like "us."

The emerging bourgeoisie is a patchwork of contradictions: clamorous but rarely confrontational politically, supporters of globalization yet highly nationalistic, proud of their nations' upward mobility yet insecure and fearful they will fall back, fiercely individualistic but reliant on government subsidies, and often socially conservative.

And command-and-control states, like China, are now doing that better than suburban America.

In the last 10 years, the Western idea that political freedom is a prerequisite for economic freedom has lost credibility in the East. As the West declines in economic and political clout, and Eastern models begin to deliver prosperity and stability, the link is fraying.

More state control rather than less will likely become the norm, as long as countries like China and Brazil continue to do well.

Elle ne commence pas sous les meilleurs augures la régionalisation... Si c'est pour passer de la mondialisation Meilleur des Mondes à la régionalisation 1984, je ne suis pas sûr qu'on y gagne quoi que ce soit...   

Le plus frappant dans cet article étant tout de même le discrédit de la démocratie, compris comme un mode de régime corrompu et peu efficace. Et il faut dire que les dernières décennies ne leur donnent pas tort. Et on sent bien que ces questionnements se font aussi de plus en plus intenses chez nous également.

Décidément, l'histoire n'est qu'un éternel recommencement, et il faut croire qu'à chaque hiver de Kondratieff, on est voué à entendre revenir les bruits de botte...

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